(ll. 4-17) `...if indeed he (Teuthras) delayed, and if he feared to obey the word of the immortals who then appeared plainly to them. But her (Auge) he received and brought up well, and cherished in the palace, honouring her even as his own daughters.
And Auge bare Telephus of the stock of Areas, king of the Mysians, being joined in love with the mighty Heracles when he was journeying in quest of the horses of proud Laomedon -- horses the fleetest of foot that the Asian land nourished, -- and destroyed in battle the tribe of the dauntless Amazons and drove them forth from all that land. But Telephus routed the spearmen of the bronze-clad Achaeans and made them embark upon their black ships. Yet when he had brought down many to the ground which nourishes men, his own might and deadliness were brought low....'
Fragment #102 (UNCERTAIN POSITION) -- Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1359 fr. 2 (early 3rd cent. A.D.): ((LACUNA -- Remains of 4 lines))
(ll. 5-16) `....Electra.... was subject to the dark-clouded Son of Cronos and bare Dardanus.... and Eetion.... who once greatly loved rich-haired Demeter. And cloud-gathering Zeus was wroth and smote him, Eetion, and laid him low with a flaming thunderbolt, because he sought to lay hands upon rich- haired Demeter. But Dardanus came to the coast of the mainland -- from him Erichthonius and thereafter Tros were sprung, and Ilus, and Assaracus, and godlike Ganymede, -- when he had left holy Samothrace in his many-benched ship.
Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1359 fr. 3 (early 3rd cent. A.D.): (ll. 17-24) (68) ....Cleopatra ....the daughter of.... ....But an eagle caught up Ganymede for Zeus because he vied with the immortals in beauty.... ....rich-tressed Diomede; and she bare Hyacinthus, the blameless one and strong.... ....whom, on a time Phoebus himself slew unwittingly with a ruthless disk....
(1) A catalogue of heroines each of whom was introduced with the words E OIE, `Or like her'. (2) An antiquarian writer of Byzantium, c. 490-570 A.D. (3) Constantine VII. `Born in the Porphyry Chamber', 905-959 A.D. (4) "Berlin Papyri", 7497 (left-hand fragment) and "Oxyrhynchus Papyri", 421 (right-hand fragment). For the restoration see "Class. Quart." vii. 217-8. (5) As the price to be given to her father for her: so in "Iliad" xviii. 593 maidens are called `earners of oxen'. Possibly Glaucus, like Aias (fr. 68, ll. 55 ff.), raided the cattle of others. (6) i.e. Glaucus should father the children of others. The curse of Aphrodite on the daughters of Tyndareus (fr. 67) may be compared. (7) Porphyry, scholar, mathematician, philosopher and historian, lived 233-305 (?) A.D. He was a pupil of the neo-Platonist Plotinus. (8) Author of a geographical lexicon, produced after 400 A.D., and abridged under Justinian. (9) Archbishop of Thessalonica 1175-1192 (?) A.D., author of commentaries on Pindar and on the "Iliad" and "Odyssey". (10) In the earliest times a loin-cloth was worn by athletes, but was discarded after the 14th Olympiad. (11) Slight remains of five lines precede line 1 in the original: after line 20 an unknown number of lines have been lost, and traces of a verse preceding line 21 are here omitted. Between lines 29 and 30 are fragments of six verses which do not suggest any definite restoration. (NOTE: Line enumeration is that according to Evelyn-White; a slightly different line numbering system is adopted in the original publication of this fragment. -- DBK) (12) The end of Schoeneus' speech, the preparations and the beginning of the race are lost. (13) Of the three which Aphrodite gave him to enable him to overcome Atalanta. (14) The geographer; fl. c.24 B.C. (15) Of Miletus, flourished about 520 B.C. His work, a mixture of history and geography, was used by Herodotus. (16) The Hesiodic story of the daughters of Proetus can be reconstructed from these sources. They were sought in marriage by all the Greeks (Pauhellenes), but having offended Dionysus (or, according to Servius, Juno), were afflicted with a disease which destroyed their beauty (or were turned into cows). They were finally healed by Melampus. (17) Fl. 56-88 A.D.: he is best known for his work on Vergil. (18) This and the following fragment segment are meant to be read together. -- DBK. (19) This fragment as well as fragments #40A, #101, and #102 were added by Mr. Evelyn-White in an appendix to the second edition (1919). They are here moved to the "Catalogues" proper for easier use by the reader. -- DBK. (20) For the restoration of ll. 1-16 see "Ox. Pap." pt. xi. pp. 46-7: the supplements of ll. 17-31 are by the Translator (cp. "Class. Quart." x. (1916), pp. 65-67). (21) The crocus was to attract Europa, as in the very similar story of Persephone: cp. "Homeric Hymns" ii. lines 8 ff. (22) Apollodorus of Athens (fl. 144 B.C.) was a pupil of Aristarchus. He wrote a Handbook of Mythology, from which the extant work bearing his name is derived. (23) Priest at Praeneste. He lived c. 170-230 A.D. (24) Son of Apollonius Dyscolus, lived in Rome under Marcus Aurelius. His chief work was on accentuation. (25) This and the next two fragment segments are meant to be read together. -- DBK. (26) Sacred to Poseidon. For the custom observed there, cp. "Homeric Hymns" iii. 231 ff. (27) The allusion is obscure. (28) Apollonius `the Crabbed' was a grammarian of Alexandria under Hadrian. He wrote largely on Grammar and Syntax. (29) 275-195 (?) B.C., mathematician, astronomer, scholar, and head of the Library of Alexandria. (30) Of Cyme. He wrote a universal history covering the period between the Dorian Migration and 340 B.C. (31) i.e. the nomad Scythians, who are described by Herodotus as feeding on mares' milk and living in caravans. (32) The restorations are mainly those adopted or suggested in "Ox. Pap." pt. xi. pp. 48 ff.: for those of ll. 8-14 see "Class. Quart." x. (1916) pp. 67-69. (33) i.e. those who seek to outwit the oracle, or to ask of it more than they ought, will be deceived by it and be led to ruin: cp. "Hymn to Hermes", 541 ff. (34) Zetes and Calais, sons of Boreas, who were amongst the Argonauts, delivered Phineus from the Harpies. The Strophades (`Islands of Turning') are here supposed to have been so called because the sons of Boreas were there turned back by Iris from pursuing the Harpies. (35) An Epicurean philosopher, fl. 50 B.C. (36) `Charming-with-her-voice' (or `Charming-the-mind'), `Song', and `Lovely-sounding'. (37) Diodorus Siculus, fl. 8 B.C., author of an universal history ending with Caesar's Gallic Wars. (38) The first epic in the "Trojan Cycle"; like all ancient epics it was ascribed to Homer, but also, with more probability, to Stasinus of Cyprus. (39) This fragment is placed by Spohn after "Works and Days" l. 120. (40) A Greek of Asia Minor, author of the "Description of Greece" (on which he was still engaged in 173 A.D.). (41) Wilamowitz thinks one or other of these citations belongs to the Catalogue. (42) Lines 1-51 are from Berlin Papyri, 9739; lines 52-106 with B. 1-50 (and following fragments) are from Berlin Papyri, 10560. A reference by Pausanias (iii. 24. 10) to ll. 100 ff. proves that the two fragments together come from the "Catalogue of Women". The second book (the beginning of which is indicated after l. 106) can hardly be the second book of the "Catalogues" proper: possibly it should be assigned to the EOIAI, which were sometimes treated as part of the "Catalogues", and sometimes separated from it. The remains of thirty-seven lines following B. 50 in the Papyrus are too slight to admit of restoration. (43) sc. the Suitor whose name is lost. (44) Wooing was by proxy; so Agamemnon wooed Helen for his brother Menelaus (ll. 14-15), and Idomeneus, who came in person and sent no deputy, is specially mentioned as an exception, and the reasons for this -- if the restoration printed in the text be right -- is stated (ll. 69 ff.). (45) The Papyrus here marks the beginning of a second book ("B"), possibly of the EOIAE. The passage (ll. 2-50) probably led up to an account of the Trojan (and Theban?) war, in which, according to "Works and Days" ll. 161-166, the Race of Heroes perished. The opening of the "Cypria" is somewhat similar. Somewhere in the fragmentary lines 13-19 a son of Zeus -- almost certainly Apollo -- was introduced, though for what purpose is not clear. With l. 31 the destruction of man (cp. ll. 4-5) by storms which spoil his crops begins: the remaining verses are parenthetical, describing the snake `which bears its young in the spring season'. (46) i.e. the snake; as in "Works and Days" l. 524, the "Boneless One" is the cuttle-fish. (47) c. 1110-1180 A.D. His chief work was a poem, "Chiliades", in accentual verse of nearly 13,000 lines. (48) According to this account Iphigeneia was carried by Artemis to the Taurie Chersonnese (the Crimea). The Tauri (Herodotus iv. 103) identified their maiden-goddess with Iphigeneia; but Euripides ("Iphigeneia in Tauris") makes her merely priestess of the goddess. (49) Of Alexandria. He lived in the 5th century, and compiled a Greek Lexicon. (50) For his murder Minos exacted a yearly tribute of boys and girls, to be devoured by the Minotaur, from the Athenians. (51) Of Naucratis. His "Deipnosophistae" ("Dons at Dinner") is an encyclopaedia of miscellaneous topics in the form of a dialogue. His date is c. 230 A.D. (52) There is a fancied connection between LAAS (`stone') and LAOS (`people'). The reference is to the stones which Deucalion and Pyrrha transformed into men and women after the Flood. (53) Eustathius identifies Ileus with Oileus, father of Aias. Here again is fanciful etymology, ILEUS being similar to ILEOS (complaisant, gracious). (54) Imitated by Vergil, "Aeneid" vii. 808, describing Camilla. (55) c. 600 A.D., a lecturer and grammarian of Constantinople. (56) Priest of Apollo, and, according to Homer, discoverer of wine. Maronea in Thrace is said to have been called after him. (57) The crow was originally white, but was turned black by Apollo in his anger at the news brought by the bird. (58) A philosopher of Athens under Hadrian and Antonius. He became a Christian and wrote a defence of the Christians addressed to Antoninus Pius. (59) Zeus slew Asclepus (fr. 90) because of his success as a healer, and Apollo in revenge killed the Cyclopes (fr. 64). In punishment Apollo was forced to serve Admetus as herdsman. (Cp. Euripides, "Alcestis", 1-8) (60) For Cyrene and Aristaeus, cp. Vergil, "Georgics", iv. 315 ff. (61) A writer on mythology of uncertain date. (62) In Epirus. The oracle was first consulted by Deucalion and Pyrrha after the Flood. Later writers say that the god responded in the rustling of leaves in the oaks for which the place was famous. (63) The fragment is part of a leaf from a papyrus book of the 4th century A.D. (64) According to Homer and later writers Meleager wasted away when his mother Althea burned the brand on which his life depended, because he had slain her brothers in the dispute for the hide of the Calydonian boar. (Cp. Bacchylides, "Ode" v. 136 ff.) (65) The fragment probably belongs to the "Catalogues" proper rather than to the Eoiae; but, as its position is uncertain, it may conveniently be associated with Frags. 99A and the "Shield of Heracles". (66) Most of the smaller restorations appear in the original publication, but the larger are new: these last are highly conjectual, there being no definite clue to the general sense. (67) Alcmaon (who took part in the second of the two heroic Theban expeditions) is perhaps mentioned only incidentally as the son of Amphiaraus, who seems to be clearly indicated in ll. 7-8, and whose story occupies ll. 5-10. At l. 11 the subject changes and Electryon is introduced as father of Alcmena. (68) The association of ll. 1-16 with ll. 17-24 is presumed from the apparent mention of Erichthonius in l. 19. A new section must then begin at l. 21. See "Ox. Pap." pt. xi. p. 55 (and for restoration of ll. 5-16, ib. p. 53). ll. 19-20 are restored by the Translator.
THE SHIELD OF HERACLES (480 lines)
(ll. 1-27) Or like here who left home and country and came to Thebes, following warlike Amphitryon, -- even Alemena, the daughter of Electyron, gatherer of the people. She surpassed the tribe of womankind in beauty and in height; and in wisdom none vied with her of those whom mortal women bare of union with mortal men. Her face and her dark eyes wafted such charm as comes from golden Aphrodite. And she so honoured her husband in her heart as none of womankind did before her. Verily he had slain her noble father violently when he was angry about oxen; so he left his own country and came to Thebes and was suppliant to the shield-carrying men of Cadmus. There he dwelt with his modest wife without the joys of love, nor might he go in unto the neat-ankled daughter of Electyron until he had avenged the death of his wife's great-hearted brothers and utterly burned with blazing fire the villages of the heroes, the Taphians and Teleboans; for this thing was laid upon him, and the gods were witnesses to it. And he feared their anger, and hastened to perform the great task to which Zeus had bound him. With him went the horse-driving Boeotians, breathing above their shields, and the Locrians who fight hand to hand, and the gallant Phocians eager for war and battle. And the noble son of Alcaeus led them, rejoicing in his host.